Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates. … Temperatures are about the same as those in the desert regions.
The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.Africa mainly lies within the intertropical zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. … Because of this geographical situation, Africa is a hot continent as the solar radiation intensity is always high
Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.
The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations. … The region’s vegetation ranges from woodlands and grasslands in the wetter regions to thorn bushes in semiarid areas. Average temperatures range from 65 degrees F to 100 degrees F. These months are marked by moderate temperatures as the winter approaches. The rains have generally ended and the surrounding bush is lush and green. Temperatures at this time range from a low of 55 degrees F, to a high of mid 80 degrees F.